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Archaeology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999, Archaology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999, 0817314814, 0-8173-1481-4, 978-0-8173-1481-1, 9780817314811, , , Archaology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999, 0817352538, 0-8173-5253-8, 978-0-8173-5253-0, 9780817352530, , , Archaology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999, 0817384596, 0-8173-8459-6, 978-0-8173-8459-3, 9780817384593,

Archaeology at Shiloh Indian Mounds, 1899-1999
Paul D. Welch

Quality Paper
2005. 310 pp.
Illus.
978-0-8173-5253-0
Price:  $34.95 s
E Book
2009. 310 pp.
Illus.
978-0-8173-8459-3
Price:  $34.95 d

100 years of archaeological excavations at an important American landmark.

The Shiloh Indian Mounds archaeological site, a National Historic Landmark, is a late prehistoric community within the boundaries of the Shiloh National Military Park on the banks of the Tennessee River, where one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War was fought in April 1862. Dating between AD 1000 and 1450, the archaeological site includes at least eight mounds and more than 100 houses. It is unique in that the land has never been plowed, so visitors can walk around the area and find the collapsed remains of 800-year-old houses and the 900-meter-long palisade with bastions that protected the village in prehistoric times. Although its location within a National Park boundary has protected the area from the recent ravages of man, river bank erosion began to undermine the site in the 1970s. In the mid-1990s, Paul Welch began a four-year investigation culminating in a comprehensive report to the National Park Service on the Shiloh Indian Mounds. 
 
These published findings confirm that the Shiloh site was one of at least fourteen Mississippian mound sites located within a 50 km area and that Shiloh was abandoned  in approximately AD 1450. It also establishes other parameters for the Shiloh archaeological phase. This current volume is intended to make information about the first 100 years of excavations at the Shiloh site available to the archaeological community.

Paul D. Welch is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Southern Illionois University, Carbondale, and is the author of Moundville's Economy.

Paul D. Welch is an Associate Professor of Anthropology at Southern Illionois University, Carbondale, and is the author of Moundville's Economy.

"For archaeologists whose primary research focus is the Mississippian period in the southeastern US, Welch (Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale) provides an essential reference for the site of Shiloh Indian Mounds, at Shiloh National Military Park in southwest Tennessee. The site's excavation history reinforces the lesson that archaeological work, if not written up immediately, is very difficult to reconstruct from notes and artifacts. Welch thoroughly treats the major--no one knows how extensive--excavations done at the site in the 1930s, directed by Frank H. H. Roberts of the Smithsonian Institution. Welch discusses what he gleaned about stratification, horizontal extent of excavation, and artifacts for each area, but the major deficiencies in Roberts's work (lack of an overall map of excavations and failure to screen excavated dirt) make the results largely descriptive. Welch also reports his own fieldwork in 1998-99 on two house mounds, as well as 1999 National Park Service geophysical survey and testing. The author establishes that the site was in use mainly from 1100 to 1300 CE and that it had a palisade more than 900 meters long, eight constructed mounds, and more than 100 house mounds. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Graduate students/faculty/professionals."
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"In this book, the mysterious Shiloh Indian mounds site begins to reveal its many mysteries. Here, for the first time, Paul Welch gives us the all-important details of previously unpublished archaeological excavations from this most significant of pre-Columbian places in the American mid-South. Any complete accounting of ancient American Indian history must come to grips with the contents of Welch's important book."--Tim Pauketat, author of The Ascent of Chiefs
 

"There is no other comprehensive book on the Shiloh Indian mounds site [in southwestern Tennessee], so publication of this volume enables scholars, for the first time, to include Shiloh in larger-scale discussions and interpretations of southeastern prehistory. Dating the main occupation of the site to AD 1000-1450 and establishing links to Moundville and Cahokia, this book is a major contribution to southeastern archaeology."--Lynne P. Sullivan, editor of The Prehistory of the Chickamauga Basin in Tennessee